NGOs in Serbia

Centar za razvoj
neprofitnog sektora

[online direktorijum]

International organizations
in Serbia:

 

Directory of
Development
Organizations
2011
- Serbia

[download directory]

 

Important phone numbers:

Informations
988
AMS-help on the road
036/987
Train Station
036/22-555
Bus Station
036/21-181

Taxi stations:

YELLOW taxi
036/313-313
MAXI taxi
036/333-111
MEGA taxi
036/319-019
PROFI taxi
036/343-333

Hotels and Restaurants:

Royal
036/354-004, 353-999
 
Belvedere
036/ 313 333

Termal
036/811-366

Cultural Institutions:

Museum
036/21-540
Civic Library
036/312-442
Kraljevo Theatre
036/22-477
Cinema KVART
036/311-571

 

Socio-Economic Situation in Kraljevo Municipality

The Municipality of Kraljevo, with 82 inhabited settlements; organized in 66 communities, covers the territory of 1530 sq. km. is the largest in the Republic of Serbia. By its position, Kraljevo objectively is an important crossroads, commercial and administrative center of Raska Region. In this municipality, inhabited by 123,000 people (63,000 in the urban town area), the overall situation is extremely difficult, due to economic collapse, which is the consequence of the fatal policy of the former regime that resulted in a very low living standard of citizens. There are currently 19000 unemployed persons, making 40% of work-capable population. There are officially 20,000 of the employed in the Municipality. Out of this number 2.000 are employed in economy, 7,200 in non-economic activities and over 10,000 in private business.

Industry: Giants, such as Magnohrom Refractories, Railway Car Factory, Kablar Constructional Enterprise, Jasen Wood Processing, Buducnost Clothing, Electron, etc. which were successful exporters before disintegration of the former state of Yugoslavia and mainly orientated to the European market, due to fatal economic policy of the Milosevic's regime, to the sanctions imposed and the war, bad privatisations, these enterprises lost their markets and are presently facing an economic collapse.

Agriculture of this municipality is characterised by differing resources for production, owing to good hydrologic conditions and fertile soils of different types. The following agricultural productions are developed: cattle breeding, poultry keeping, fruit production, vegetables production, and the like. In villages that are around Kopaonik mountain fruit production (plums, apricots, and apples) is specially developed. Agricultural land in the municipality covers 72,032 hectares and comprises treated soil of 20,250 ha, pastures 25,081 ha, fields 20,240 ha and orchards 6,442 ha. The land is mainly privately owned and development of agriculture is based on private sector. Owing to the resources, one of the largest agricultural products markets (everyday wholesale of agricultural products and cattle) is located in Kraljevo.

Tourism: Geographic position of the municipality and the existing production capacities make good basis for further development of tourism. In the close vicinity of Kraljevo there are the well known middle age monuments – monasteries Zica and Studenica, as well as middle age town of Maglic. The municipality territory comprises numerous springs of mineral waters enabling development of spa tourism – Mataruska Banja, Bogutovacka Banja, Lopatnicka Banja and Vitanovacka Banja.

Small enterprising and handicraft production have been in stagnation. About 1,000 private enterprises and 2,900 independent shops have been registered in this Municipality. These make a rational basis for future development of the municipality.

Health Protection Centre Studenica with about 1,800 of the employed is a regional centre also providing health protection services to over 200,000 citizens of Kraljevo, Raska, Novi Pazar, Vrnjacka Banja… According to all the polls conduced by Forum NGO, citizens are mainly not satisfied with primary health protection.

Social Care Centre covers about 1.100 user families with around 7,000 end users. There are about 20,000 retired people registered in the municipality, of which 50 % receiving below 100 EUR monthly. Extremely hard economic and social situation, especially emphasised during the post-war period, influence the individuals having existential and psychosocial problems. The most vulnerable categories are children, the old, the sick and the handicapped. Financial support, children's allowance social aid, and personal incomes are also several months late and, when delivered; their amounts do not satisfy elementary life requirements.

During the NATO bombing (air strikes in 1999) 23,000 men were mobilised. Forty-one were killed and over 200 remained invalids. Sixty-five citizens were injured. Three bridges were destroyed and 2,100 houses damaged, with the overall damage estimated to EUR 6 million.

Such economic situation was further aggravated by a new wave of IDPs from Kosovo who came in June 1999. At that time, most of them wanted to go to Belgrade, but, at the order of the then authorities, the police prevented their going to the north and kept them at the territory of Kraljevo municipality. The authorities claimed they had been the winners at Kosovo and that there were no IDPs in Serbia.

According to UNHCR FO Kraljevo data there are officially 22,000 IDPs and refugees at the territory of the Kraljevo municipality (unofficial number is about 25,000). The figure comprises 2,400 refugees from Bosnia and Croatia and 19,000 displaced persons from Kosovo, who started arriving in the middle of June 1999, which makes about 25% of the entire municipality’s population and the highest percentage in Serbia. Of 19,000 displaced persons from Kosovo, 18,500 are accommodated privately (in rented apartments, with relatives, etc.). Over 500 (200 children) are settled in 10 collective centres, situated in Kraljevo suburbs and the surrounding villages.

Living conditions in the centres are extremely difficult due to the lack of toilettes, water, heating, beds, mattresses, blankets, winter clothing, personal hygiene items, medicines and proper nutrition.The rooms are overcrowded, with both adults and children sharing beds, and people are exposed to diseases due to extremely poor hygiene conditions. In Vitanovac center, accommodating about 70 people, there is no running water. There are no bathing, washing or cooking facilities. Yet, the number of applications for collective center accommodation has been increasing, indicating the exhaustion of private funds for rent and food. Frequent stressful situations, increased fears and uncertainty are the factors influencing the above stated population, especially children and adolescents, negatively.

Growing up in such social circumstances, where children are frequently left to themselves, causes permanent increase of minors' delinquency, consuming of alcohol, prostitution of the young, suicidal and other negative forms of behavior. Unfortunately, previous experience in Kraljevo shows that all the stated problems have most frequently been hidden, or solved partially only. Many actions and programmes have been directed to consequences, not to causes, and excuses found in insufficient financial sources or personnel.

Forum NGOs is active through a wide range of social activities and civil actions aimed to solving local community problems of social integration, multicultural interaction and self-management capacities building. Most of the activities take place in Lingua Centre located in Kraljevo. The Lingua Centre has become the recognizable place for both IDPs/refugees and local people, as a spot where solidarity and social support are made use of. In democratization and transition process we are trying to help the citizens were impoverish in the processes mentioned. Having identified and pointed to the most actual problems of the society, with projects of economic self-strengthening, micro-credits, education of citizens and the employed in institutions of the system we are trying to help citizens solve the key problems.

This could be an adequate way to make preconditions to initiate creation of civic society as the first step in organizing a modern state.

Forum NGOs , 2012

 

 
 

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Forum NGOs Kraljevo - Serbia

 

 

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